Bureau of Manpower, Employment and Training (BMET) was established in the year 1976 by the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh as an attached department of the then Ministry of Manpower Development and Social Welfare with specific purpose of meeting the manpower requirement of the country and for overseas employment as well. BMET is engaged for overall planning and implementation of the policies and strategies for proper utilization of manpower of the country for overseas employment.
Offices under BMET-
- 42 District Employment and Manpower Office (DEMO)
- 04 Divisional Employment and Manpower Office
- 47 Technical Training Centres (TTC)
- 04 Institute of Marine Technologies (IMTs) 03 Apprentices Training Offices
Training Courses conducted by the TTCs
- 02 Diploma Courses for 04 months duration
- 04 Trade Courses for 02 years duration
- SSC (Vocational) Courses for 02 years duration
- Skill Certificate Course for 01 year duration
- Short term (06/03 months duration) Courses of 48 trades
- 02 months residential training courses for Hong Kong bound domestic female workers
- 21 days training courses for domestic female workers
- 07 days induction training for South Korea bound workers under Employment Permit System (EPS)
- 03 days induction training for Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) bound workers. For Detail
Probashi Kalyan Bank
Probashi Kalyan Bank was established on 12 October 2010 with a paid up capital of 100 crore taka and capital of 95 crore taka received from Wage Earner’s Welfare Fund and 5 crore taka received from the Government respectively. Honourable Prime Minister inaugurated the bank on 20 April 2011.
Objectives of Probashi Kalyan Bank
Provide collateral free loan with low interest rate for aspirant migrant workers;
- Facilitate self-employment and encourage investment in Bangladesh by the returned migrant workers.
- Facilitate sending remittances at low cost and faster rate with the assistance of using modern IT facilities.
Bangladesh Overseas Employment and Services Limited (BOESL) is the only "state owned" manpower exporting company in Bangladesh. The Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh established the company in 1984 to earn more foreign exchange by way of exporting skilled and unskilled manpower. Based on the operating principle ‘of right person for right job’, BOESL aims to offer transparent and efficient services as a development partner based on mutual trust and to minimize migration cost in comparison to others. To that end, BOESL is providing honest, efficient and quick services to the valued foreign employers in the field of recruitment and deployment of manpower with the full satisfaction of the foreign employers. BOESL realises service charge from the selected workers as "no profit no loss basis." This is the only company in the public sector created by the Government to operate in healthy and professional competition with other private agencies working in this sector and to ensure transparent and safe migration with low migration cost.
BOESL is run by a Board of Directors. The Directors are comprised of government officials. Secretary, Ministry of Expatriates’’ Welfare and Overseas Employment is the Chairman of the Board.
BOESL runs by its own income
It is sending workers to South Korea with a transparent recruitment process through Employment Permit System (EPS).
Female garment workers are going to Jordan by BOESL.
BOESL send professional, skill and semi-skill workers with a minimum cost in different countries.-Domestic female workers are going abroad with zero migration cost.
BOESL arranges 46,140 overseas employment up to October 2014 since its inception. For detail
Wage Earners' Welfare Board; The Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh established Wage Earners' Welfare Board (WEWB) in 1990, with the Bureau of Manpower, Employment and Training (BMET) to extend welfare services to the migrant workers. A Board of Directors comprising of senior level inter-ministerial representatives operates this fund. Chaired by the Secretary of the Ministry of Expatriates’ Welfare & Overseas Employment, the Fund includes members from BMET, Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Civil Aviation and Tourism, Bangladesh Bank, WEWB, Bangladesh Association of International Recruiting Agencies (BAIRA).As per section 20 of the Emigration Rules, 2002, migrant workers should deposit a fixed amount of money, as shall be determined by the Government and with that money Government shall form a welfare fund. This fund being operated by the Board of Directors which is called “Wage Earners’ Welfare Board”. Migrant workers and their family members are being assisted through this fund.
Sources of Income of Welfare Board
- Welfare fees received from migrant workers,
- 10% surcharge collected from consular services in overseas missions,
- Fees from attestation of demand letters/visas,
- Rent received from Probashi Kalyan Bhaban and interest received from investment of different financial institutions.
Services rendered from Wage Earners Welfare Fund
- Provide pre-departure briefing regarding laws, culture, language etc. of concerned country to migrant workers.
- Provide immigration assistance to the migrant workers at Expatriate Welfare Desk in the airport
- Provide legal aid to migrant workers.
- Provide assistance to return the stranded expatriate workers tot eh country.
- Provide financial assistance to ailing and injured expatriate workers.
- Provide financial assistance for burial and repatriation of deceased migrant workers.
- Provide death compensation at 3 lac taka financial aid to the family of the deceased migrant workers.
- Scholarship to the children of the migrant workers.
On top of the government effort the government approved recruiting agencies also develop themselves. They came under an association; Bangladesh Association of International Recruiting Agencies (BAIRA www.baira.org.bd/) and providing a much organized service now.
Education & Training Aspect
Education is given the top most priority by the policy makers of Bangladesh. Each year a huge number of school, collage, poly-technique & university graduates are being added to the nation’s workforce. Due to the slow but steady growth of the economy the country is having a large reservoir of surplus educated and trained workers.
Primary education is mandatory now. Only a small percentage of children are out of school system currently. After primary school a portion of the student drops out and start working as juvenile worker due to their social placement and need. The others continues till junior school and then goes for vocational trainings, thus another chunk of students are out. Then another group get out after the secondary level of education completing 10 years of schooling and joins the work force by completing a diploma at any poly-technical course. Then gradually others join in after completing higher secondary, bachelors or higher education as per their socio-economic status.
A large work force are being trained and turned into skilled labor through on the job training. Such sectors include construction, welding, pipe fitting, aluminum frame makers and fitters, mechanical jobs, road and riverine transportation operators, agriculture, forestry and fisheries etc.
Fluctuating economy, volatile weather condition with rain and flood in certain areas every year, and enduring low level of income created a nation which has learnt to do the best wit
the least and live joyfully under the harshest of conditions. These qualities make Bangladeshi work force an asset for those countries who are in need of affordable, hardworking, capable and well-disciplined manpower. Today more than 3 million skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers are employed by reputed organizations all over the world. These workers have been able to gain confidence of their employers for their sincerity, hard work and most of all the spirit of team work.
Among the labor exporting countries such as Sri-Lanka, Pakistan, India, Thailand, Philippines and Indonesia, Bangladesh has a comparatively lower GDP. This factor combined with the fact that the human resources availability vis-à-vis low employment opportunity within the country made the wage structure of the Bangladeshi labor the lowest.
The primary manpower importing countries over the last few decades have been the Middle Eastern Muslim countries and Malaysia which is another Muslim country. Majority of the workers of Bangladesh being Muslim, the time taken for the cultural and social adaptation in the host country is minimal. Due to the similar seasons of weather system the environmental adaptation is also very easy.
The Convenience of Mobilization
Bangladesh’s proximity to the Middle East as well as the South East Asian labor importing countries is a great advantage. The flying time from Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh to most of the Middle Eastern cities is 6 hours or less. It takes only 3 and a half hour to fly to Malaysia. With 3 International Airports – Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport, (DAC) Dhaka; Hazrat Shah Amanat International Airport, (CGP) Chittagong and Osmani International Airport, (ZYL) Slyhet - Bangladesh is well connected with the Middle East as well as with Malaysia and Singapore which are the manpower importing countries. This makes easy, quick and safe mobilization of work force to and from the countries. The Air lifting capacity is huge as everyday 40 flights of several airlines fly in and out of the International Airports of Bangladesh.